“Srivijaya” is considered the first of the known Indonesian kingdoms,lasting until about 1400 A.D. 2. Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est. With its state-owned company, the Indonesian Aerospace (PT. Indonesia is an exceptionally interesting country, due to its size, ethnic diversity and rich history. Still, though, prices for kopi luwak have reached as high as $700 per kg! He was never criminally charged for embezzlement or for the deaths of approximately 500,000 people who died in the purge of suspected Communists in the late 1960s. So many things I didn't get to mention or elaborate on, but in a nutshell, Indonesia is basically the "Kingpin" of Southeast Asia. It was the fourth major earthquake to strike the country in 19 months. Our site is COPPA and kidSAFE-certified, so you can rest assured it's a safe place for kids to grow and explore. Dirgantara Indonesia), Indonesia has provided components for Boeing and Airbus. Related Read: What We Can Learn From an Indonesian Ethnicity That Recognizes Five Genders. With around 270 million people (2020 estimate), Indonesia comes just behind the United States as far as inhabitants. The thing is, the historical buildings in Indonesia are pretty well maintained.So, if you curious, these are the places you can visit: 1. The Indonesian weather is relatively stable year-round. The History of Indonesia or more precisely of the Indonesian archipelago in South East Asia with 17,508 islands goes back to Homo erectus (popularly known as the "Java Man"). 17 Interesting Facts About Bali, Indonesia. ), Religions: Muslim 87.2%, Christian 7%, Roman Catholic 2.9%, Hindu 1.7%, other 0.9% (includes Buddhist and Confucian), unspecified 0.4% (2010 est. Kopi luwak is produced when the Asian palm civet, a tree-climbing mammal, eats coffee cherries, digests them somewhat, and then defecates them out. There is a tribe of cannibals in West Papua! 10. The nature of Indonesian national culture is somewhat similar to that of India.. 43. The history of Indonesian music continues into the modern era. Indonesia Overview: History. From the 8th through the 10th century ce, extensive temple complexes (candi) were built in central Java. Suharto died on January 27, 2008, after spending most of the month in the hospital for heart, lung, and kidney ailments. 2. These include 5 cultural heritage sites and 4 natural heritage sites: 9. Airports: 673 (2013). Habibie unexpectedly ended 25 years of Indonesian intransigence by announcing in Feb. 1999 that he was willing to hold a referendum on East Timorese independence. Gunung Agung on the busy island of … Arable land: 12.34%. The Acehnese agreed to give up their demand for independence in exchange for the right to establish political parties. After Japan's surrender, Sukarno and Hatta proclaimed Indonesian independence on Aug. 17, 1945. The early farmers also made pottery but all their tools were made of stone. Indonesia is the fourth largest country in the world, by population. Here are 25 facts that you might not know about Indonesia… Fact 1) Jakarta’s Gelora Bung Karno Stadium is one of the largest stadium in the world. ); agriculture 38.9%, industry 13.2%, services 47.9% (2012 est.). Land area: 699,548 sq mi (1,811,831 sq km); total area: 741,096 sq mi (1,919,440 sq km), Population (2014 est. Indonesia has a long history that began with organized civilizations on the islands of Java and Sumatra. Indonesia did not exist as yet during the Palaeocene period (70 million years BC), the Eocene period (30 million years BC), the Oligacene period (25 million years BC) and the Miocene period (12 million years BC). History of Indonesia. However, he soundly defeated Megawati in the September runoff. If you want to learn about the food, culture, people, history, or other facts about Indonesia, this article is for you! Indonesia is the world's largest archipelago with 13,677 islands (6,000 of which are inhabited). As these cherries pass the civet’s intestines, they get slightly fermented, giving the coffee a particularly unique flavor, though it’s likely just a gimmick. Geography 1. On May 26, 2006, more than 6,200 people were killed in a 6.3 magnitude earthquake on Java. Brief History of Indonesia: One of the first major kingdoms to emerge in Indonesia was the Srivajay naval kingdom in the 7th century. Some key dates in Indonesia's history: 1670-1900 - Dutch colonists bring the whole of Indonesia under one government as the Dutch East Indies. It probably … With 17,508 officially listed islands, according to the Indonesian Coordinating Ministry for Maritime Affairs, Indonesia is the largest island country in the world. Papua History Facts and Timeline (Papua, Indonesia) Indonesia's biggest and easternmost province is sometimes confused with its neighbours, the newly formed province of West Papua to its west and the separate country of Papua New Guinea to its east. Less than 6000 of the islands are inhabited. Transportation: Railways: total: 5,042 km (2011). Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the world. ANCIENT INDONESIA. Indonesia is a country which is rich in biodiversity. On July 22, 2014, Indonesia's election commission announced the official count of the early July presidential election: Joko Widodo, or Jokowi, the governor of Jakarta, won the election by more than 8 million votes. Indonesia is the world’s largest country comprised solely of islands, a fact that puts the delicate islands constantly at risk of earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, floods and tsunamis. There are 17,504 islands in Indonesia. Bahasa Indonesia is a form of Malay, and it is the country’s official language. The history of Indonesia can be marked as the dawn of mankind since it is where the remains of the early man were unearthed. Furthermore, due to Indonesia’s geography, natural disasters are a much more costly threat than in other nations, and they disproportionally affect poor people. Hatta and Sukarno, the cofathers of Indonesian independence, split over Sukarno's concept of “guided democracy,” and under Sukarno's rule the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) steadily increased its influence. With a population of 264 million, Indonesia is known for being the 4th most populated country in the … First place went to Indonesia’s rendang (a slow-cooked spicy beef dish), and second place also went to Indonesia, nasi goreng (fried rice). There is some reasons why Indonesia uses the combination of red and white colors. It is the largest Muslim country in the world. Jakarta, Indonesia’s capital, is the most Instagrammed place on Earth. Indonesia Facts for Kids. Indonesia Facts and Culture What is Indonesia famous for? Jakarta, pop. At his death, a civil suit, which was filed in 2007 and sought $440 million that he had embezzled and $1.1 billion in damages, was still pending. Ports and terminals: Banjarmasin, Belawan, Kotabaru, Krueg Geukueh, Palembang, Panjang, Sungai Pakning, Tanjung Perak, Tanjung Priok. 6. By Tim Lambert. Are you interested in learning some facts about Indonesia? Prized for their flavor, spices such as cloves, nutmeg and mace were also believed to cure everything from the plague to venereal disease, and were literally worth their weight in gold. Read about the capital city Jakarta, the many volcanoes, its population, islands, borders, cuisine, popular sports and much more. A terrorist bombing on Oct. 12, 2002, at a nightclub in Bali killed more than 200 people, mostly tourists. 5. Indonesia was formerly known as the Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East Indies). No matter how old or independent they are, Indonesians tend to … 6 Facts About Poverty in Indonesia. There have been found fossilised remains of about one million years ago. Fifteen terror suspects were arrested. 70’s Indonesian Music. During World War II, Japan seized the islands. Indonesia is the largest island country in the world, both in … They arrived in Indonesia around 2,000 BC and quickly spread throughout the archipelago, pushing the indigenous Melanesian people to the far eastern regions. Facts. On May 21, 1998, Suharto stepped down, ending 32 years of rule, and handed over power to Vice President B. J. Habibie. Currently, the largest lizard in the world is the … Many of the deaths occurred in the war-torn province of Aceh. The results were welcomed in the West as a sign that Indonesia was embracing moderate democracy rather than Islamic extremism. If that's not enough, click over to our collection of world maps and flags. The discovery of the remains of 'Java Man' suggests that Indonesia was inhabited by early humans as early as 1.5 million years ago, but little evidence remains of early tribal civilisations. In 1996, two East Timorese resistance activists, Bishop Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo and José Ramos-Horta, received the Nobel Peace Prize. Indonesia has the most mammals in the world (515 species) and is inhabited by 1,539 bird species. Wallace's line, a zoological demarcation between Asian and Australian flora and fauna, divides Indonesia. The 17,000 islands that make up Indonesia were home to a diversity of cultures and indigenous beliefs when the islands came under the influence of Hindu priests and traders in the first and second centuries A.D. Muslim invasions began in the 13th century, and most of the archipelago had converted to Islam by the 15th century. The exhibit even includes Indonesia’s first inhabitant, Java Man (Pithecanthropus erectus), who crossed land bridges to Java over one million years ago. The nation is home to the largest lizard in the world. Rioting and violence shook the provinces of Aceh, Ambon (in the Moluccas), Borneo, and Irian Jaya. Nasi Tumpeng originally comes from Indonesia and is commonly found in some Indonesian rituals. Inflation: 7.7%. Not only coming of age tradition in Indonesia’s culture but also other celebrations. The life of Indonesia is a tale of discovery, oppression and liberation, so it’s both impressive and perplexing to see the nation’s history displayed in a hokey diorama at Jakarta’s National Monument. Factmonster is part of the FEN Learning family of educational and reference sites for parents, teachers and students. Learn some interesting information about Indonesia while enjoying a range of fun facts and trivia that's perfect for kids! Fact … Let us know below in the comments, and thanks for reading! Palm fruits. Indonesia is made up of over 17,000 islands. © 2000-2019 Sandbox Networks, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 1942 - Japan occupies Dutch East Indies. In the summer of 1997, Indonesia suffered a major economic setback, along with most other Asian economies. But nowhere was the violence more brutal and unjust than in East Timor. Borobudur Temple. History; Miscellaneous; People; Places; Science; Sports; Home Places 17 Interesting Facts About Bali, Indonesia. Due to huge demand for spices in Europe at the time, profits could be made selling them. Just two months later, on July 17, an earthquake and tsunami struck Java, killing more than 500 people. Here are 25 facts that you might not know about Indonesia… Fact 1) Jakarta’s Gelora Bung Karno Stadium is one of the largest stadium in the world. With Indonesia being so populous, it is inevitable that millions of people are living within eruption zones at any given time. ): Jakarta, 9.769 million, Other large cities: Surabaya 2.787 million; Bandung 2.429 million; Medan 2.118 million; Semarang 1.573 million; Palembang 1.455 million, Languages: Bahasa Indonesia (official), English, Dutch, Javanese, and more than 580 other languages and dialects, Ethnicity/race: Javanese 40.1%, Sundanese 15.5%, Malay 3.7%, Batak 3.6%, Madurese 3%, Betawi 2.9%, Minangkabau 2.7%, Buginese 2.7%, Bantenese 2%, Banjarese 1.7%, Balinese 1.7%, Acehnese 1.4%, Dayak 1.4%, Sasak 1.3%, Chinese 1.2%, other 15% (2010 est. Natural resources: petroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel, timber, bauxite, copper, fertile soils, coal, gold, silver. Indonesia is a country located in Southeast Asia. Internet users: 20 million (2009). Educate, entertain, and engage with Factmonster. Next, the Buddhist Sailendra and the Hindo Mataram … Indonesia is the biggest archipelago in the globe made up of five main islands and 30 other small atolls. About 130,000 were left homeless. Looking for Indonesia facts? Thanks to its spectacular mountains, beaches and sweet natured people, Bali has become an exotic destination for relaxing and enjoying vacations. Located in southeast Asia, Indonesia is one of the world's most impressive countries. The current nation of Indonesia is a unitary presidential republic consisting of thirty three provinces. Exports: $178.9 billion (2013 est. Flying from one end to the other, from North Sumatra to West […] Wahid flatly opposed independence for the province, which contains sizable copper and gold mines. History; Population; Indonesia. That charge was overturned in Dec. 2006. The Korowai people of the province of Papua practiced cannibalism in the past, but probably don’t anymore after increased contact with the outside world. ), National Holiday: Independence Day, August 17. The discovery of the remains of 'Java Man' suggests that Indonesia was inhabited by early humans as early as 1.5 million years ago, but little evidence remains of early tribal civilisations. Indonesia’s history has since been turbulent, with challenges posed by natural disasters, corruption, separatism, a democratization process, and periods of rapid economic change. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Prehistory: Archaeological evidence indicates that ancestors of modern humans occupied sites in Central and East Java as early as 1.9 million years ago; presumably, these hominids were widely distributed in other areas. 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