Other new artistic currents including the one of M'hamed Issiakhem, Mohammed Khadda and Bachir Yelles, appeared on the scene of Algerian painting, abandoning figurative classical painting to find new pictorial ways, in order to adapt Algerian paintings to the new realities of the country through its struggle and its aspirations. [10] With an estimated population of over 44 million, it is the ninth-most populous country in Africa. [136] Descendants of Andalusian refugees are also present in the population of Algiers and other cities. Some estimates put the Algerian death toll during the French colonial rule at over 10 million.[71]. The presidios in North Africa turned out to be a costly and largely ineffective military endeavour that did not guarantee access for Spain's merchant fleet. South of the Tell Atlas is a steppe landscape ending with the Saharan Atlas; farther south, there is the Sahara desert. In the 1960s and 1970s under President Houari Boumediene, Algeria pursued a program of industrialisation within a state-controlled socialist economy. The varied vegetation of Algeria includes coastal, mountainous and grassy desert-like regions which all support a wide range of wildlife. [43], In July 1627 two pirate ships from Algiers under the command of Dutch pirate Jan Janszoon sailed as far as Iceland,[44] raiding and capturing slaves. [36], In 1671, the taifa rebelled, killed the agha, and placed one of its own in power. each country has his owm number to identify this area. [147] An Abassa Institute study in April 2000 found that 60% of households could speak and understand French or 18 million in a population of 30 million then. Country code top-level domain. [62][63] These settlers benefited from the French government's confiscation of communal land from tribal peoples, and the application of modern agricultural techniques that increased the amount of arable land. IOC country code. Other Algerian singers of the diaspora include Manel Filali in Germany and Kenza Farah in France. It is officially the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria (Arabic: الجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبية‎, romanized: al-Jumhūriyya al-Jazāʾiriyya ad-Dīmuqrāṭiyya aš-Šaʿbiyya, French: République algérienne démocratique et populaire, abbreviated as RADP). [49], In the 19th century, the pirates forged affiliations with Caribbean powers, paying a "licence tax" in exchange for safe harbour of their vessels. Spam Calls from Algeria User Reports . Neolithic civilization (animal domestication and agriculture) developed in the Saharan and Mediterranean Maghreb perhaps as early as 11,000 BC[19] or as late as between 6000 and 2000 BC. ALG. ISO-3166 Alpha-3. Estimates of the Christian population range from 60,000[151] to 200,000. After a nine-hour bombardment, they obtained a treaty from the Dey that reaffirmed the conditions imposed by Captain (later Commodore) Stephen Decatur (U.S. Navy) concerning the demands of tributes. [3], Non-hydrocarbon growth for 2011 was projected at 5%. Follow @callingcodes. I guess it’s because the original name of Algeria is “Dzair” and this is what we-algerians- call it. [123] Algeria is estimated to have the largest solar energy potential in the Mediterranean, so the government has funded the creation of a solar science park in Hassi R'Mel. 213 - Country Code for Algeria; Phone Number (remove initial 0): fixed - 8 digits including area code; cell phones - 9 digits; VoIP and VSAT phones - 9 digits, first two digits are 98 and 96 respectively; sample call from US to a landline in Algiers: 011 213 21 ?? [169], Football is the most popular sport in Algeria. [92], Parliamentary elections were last held in May 2012, and were judged to be largely free by international monitors, though local groups alleged fraud and irregularities. This period had also known Augustine of Hippo, Nonius Marcellus and Martianus Capella, among many others. All these tribes made independent territorial decisions. [78], The Algerian economy grew by 2.6% in 2011, driven by public spending, in particular in the construction and public-works sector, and by growing internal demand. Snakes, monitor lizards, and numerous other reptiles can be found living among an array of rodents throughout the semi arid regions of Algeria. [38] They often made raids, called Razzias, on European coastal towns to capture Christian slaves to sell at slave markets in North Africa and other parts of the Ottoman Empire. DZA is the three-letter country abbreviation for Algeria. Farther inland, the rainfall is less plentiful. [31] Ibn Khaldun noted that the lands ravaged by Banu Hilal tribes had become completely arid desert. Algeria country code: +213. The current-account surplus is estimated at 9.3% of GDP and at the end of December 2011, official reserves were put at US$182 billion. Colloquial Algerian Arabic is heavily infused with borrowings from French and Berber. [3] The President is the head of the army, the Council of Ministers and the High Security Council. Among these, in the summer time when winds are heavy and gusty, temperatures can go up to 43.3 °C (110 °F). ", Articles: 85, 87, 77, 78 and 79 of the Algerian constitution, Article 42 of the Algerian constitution –, "Loi 14-06 relative au service national", JORADP 48, August, 10th 2014, Groupe Salafiste pour la Prédication et le Combat, Charter for Peace and National Reconciliation, protests across the Middle East and North Africa, country is in already hot and arid geographies, University of Sciences and Technology Houari Boumediene, "Distribution of Family Income – Gini Index", "The Site of Ain Hanech Revisited: New Investigations at this Lower Pleistocene Site in Northern Algeria", "Genomic Ancestry of North Africans Supports Back-to-Africa Migrations", "The Mysteries and Majesties of the Aeolian Islands", "When Europeans were slaves: Research suggests white slavery was much more common than previously believed", "Vísindavefurinn: Hverjir stóðu raunverulega að Tyrkjaráninu? Algeria has the 10th-largest reserves of natural gas in the world and is the sixth-largest gas exporter. Please find all the Algeria phone codes you could need below. ISO 3166-2:DZ is the entry for Algeria in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1. Souad Massi is a rising Algerian folk singer. Algeria has one of the largest militaries in Africa and the largest defence budget. [152] Algerian citizens who are Christians predominantly belong to Protestant groups, which have seen increased pressure from the government in recent years including many forced closures.[153][152]. [97][98], In 2007, the Algerian Air Force signed a deal with Russia to purchase 49 MiG-29SMT and 6 MiG-29UBT at an estimated cost of $1.9 billion. Algeria country codes are followed by these area codes. Among the dishes known, couscous,[167] chorba, rechta, chakhchoukha, berkoukes, shakshouka, mthewem, chtitha, mderbel, dolma, brik or bourek, garantita, lham'hlou, etc. [138], Despite the dominance of the Berber ethnicity in Algeria, the majority of Algerians identify with an Arabic-based identity, especially after the Arab nationalism rising in the 20th century. Besides solar energy, areas of research in Algeria include space and satellite telecommunications, nuclear power and medical research. The 2-letter codes shown above are supplied by the ISO (International Organization for Standardization). With an area of 2,381,741 square kilometres (919,595 sq mi), Algeria is the tenth-largest country in the world, and the largest by area in the African Union and the Arab world. Country Codes Alpha-2 & Alpha-3 This is a complete list of all country ISO codes as described in the ISO 3166 international standard. DZ is the two-letter country abbreviation for Algeria. To dial a telephone number in Algeria, you have to use the phone code 213. [99], Algeria has been categorized by Freedom House as "not free" since it began publishing such ratings in 1972, with the exception of 1989, 1990, and 1991, when the country was labeled "partly free. Like the rest of North Africa, Algeria was one of the breadbaskets of the empire, exporting cereals and other agricultural products. Algeria. Albert Camus was an Algerian-born French Pied-Noir author. From 1848 until independence, France administered the whole Mediterranean region of Algeria as an integral part and département of the nation. Fearing the election of an Islamist government, the authorities intervened on 11 January 1992, cancelling the elections. [88] The next presidential election was planned to be in April 2019, but widespread protests erupted on 22 February against the president's decision to participate in the election, which resulted in President Bouteflika announcing his resignation on 3 April. .dz is the country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Algeria (from Dzayer, the local name for Algeria). The Christians left in three waves: after the initial conquest, in the 10th century and the 11th. [67] On 8 November 1942, Allied forces launched Operation Torch landing in various places across French North Africa. Algeria has given the Muslim world a number of prominent thinkers, including Emir Abdelkader, Abdelhamid Ben Badis, Mouloud Kacem Naît Belkacem, Malek Bennabi and Mohamed Arkoun. To dial a telephone number in Algeria, you have to use the phone code 213. It has the highest Human Development Index of all non-island African countries and one of the largest economies on the continent, based largely on energy exports. [105] Public homosexual behavior is punishable by up to two years in prison. [112], In March 2006, Russia agreed to erase $4.74 billion of Algeria's Soviet-era debt[113] during a visit by Russian President Vladimir Putin to the country, the first by a Russian leader in half a century. Algeria is classified as an upper middle income country by the World Bank. During his election campaign and following his re-election, Bouteflika promised to extend the programme of national reconciliation and a $150-billion spending programme to create three million new jobs, the construction of one million new housing units, and to continue public sector and infrastructure modernisation programmes.[73]. Algeria (native name: الجزائر) is a country located in Northern Africa. Algerian cuisine varies from one region to another, according to seasonal vegetables. Elected politicians have relatively little sway over Algeria. In 1629 pirate ships from Algeria raided the Faroe Islands. Even if some of them offer instruction in Arabic like areas of law and the economy, most of the other sectors as science and medicine continue to be provided in French and English. Algeria was not a significant contributor to climate change,[81] but like other countries in the Mena region, is expected to be on the front-lines of climate change impacts. Fixed phone numbers in Algeria are comprised of a single country code (+213), a 2 digit area code, and a 80-90 digit line code. Get Transit Times. [90], The Algerian parliament is bicameral; the lower house, the People's National Assembly, has 462 members who are directly elected for five-year terms, while the upper house, the Council of the Nation, has 144 members serving six-year terms, of which 96 members are chosen by local assemblies and 48 are appointed by the president. High hydrocarbon prices have improved the current account and the already large international reserves position. Due to the fact that the journalists and activists criticize the ruling government, some media organizations' licenses are cancelled. Sidaoui, Riadh (2009). By the early 4th century BC, Berbers formed the single largest element of the Carthaginian army. In order to punish them the Fatimids sent the Arab Banu Hilal and Banu Sulaym against them. Famous novelists of the 20th century include Mohammed Dib, Albert Camus, Kateb Yacine and Ahlam Mosteghanemi while Assia Djebar is widely translated. How to dial to Algeria cellular: [73], In December 1991 the Islamic Salvation Front dominated the first of two rounds of legislative elections. Spam Calls from Algeria User Reports . Whole tribes set off with women, children, ancestors, animals and camping equipment. Travel information for Algeria Country Code DZ Country code according to ISO-3166 Alpha-2. After an earlier period during which the Algerian government tried to phase out French, in recent decades the government has backtracked and reinforced the study of French, and some television programs are broadcast in the language. ICAO airport code prefix(es). Masinissa's line survived until 24 AD, when the remaining Berber territory was annexed to the Roman Empire. Shipping Ship All Features Ship Quick & Simple. Area Codes Search Notes. It is administered by Network Internet Center. It offered amnesty to most guerrillas and Government security forces. As Carthaginian power waned, the influence of Berber leaders in the hinterland grew. [73], The Algerian economy became increasingly dependent on oil, leading to hardship when the price collapsed during the 1980s oil glut. In fact, by the time the Byzantines arrived Leptis Magna was abandoned and the Msellata region was occupied by the indigenous Laguatan who had been busy facilitating an Amazigh political, military and cultural revival.[23][24]. [18] Tools of this era, starting about 30,000 BC, are called Aterian (after the archaeological site of Bir el Ater, south of Tebessa). I guess it’s because the original name of Algeria is “Dzair” and this is what we-algerians- call it. Algeria country code (prefix) or dialing code with an interactive map and travel information to explore Algeria. Two of them were established in Numidia, behind the coastal areas controlled by Carthage. To call from outside Algeria, dial the exit code of the country the call is dialed from, followed by Algeria’s country code of ‘213’, followed by the local phone number. Map view Geographical center of Algeria. Map Center of Algeria. These codes are used throughout the IT industry by computer systems and software to ease the identification of country names. The Groupe Salafiste pour la Prédication et le Combat (GSPC), a splinter group of the Armed Islamic Group, continued a terrorist campaign against the Government. [3] These restrictions are just starting to be lifted off recently although questions about Algeria's slowly-diversifying economy remain. Currently, Algeria has 20,000 research professors at various universities and over 780 research labs, with state-set goals to expand to 1,000. The best 'Algeria Country Code' images and discussions of November 2020. Trade links between Carthage and the Berbers in the interior grew, but territorial expansion also resulted in the enslavement or military recruitment of some Berbers and in the extraction of tribute from others. [73], Algeria held elections in 1999, considered biased by international observers and most opposition groups[76] which were won by President Abdelaziz Bouteflika. Algeria has invested an estimated 100 billion dinars towards developing research facilities and paying researchers. The mountain regions contain large forests of evergreens (Aleppo pine, juniper, and evergreen oak) and some deciduous trees. [116], Algeria, whose economy is reliant on petroleum, has been an OPEC member since 1969. Malek Bennabi and Frantz Fanon are noted for their thoughts on decolonization; Augustine of Hippo was born in Tagaste (modern-day Souk Ahras); and Ibn Khaldun, though born in Tunis, wrote the Muqaddima while staying in Algeria. The 2010–14 public-investment programme will cost US$286 billion, 40% of which will go to human development. Climate change in Algeria has wide reaching effects on the country. In the Aures, people played several games such as El Kherba or El khergueba (chess variant). There are several UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Algeria[124] including Al Qal'a of Beni Hammad, the first capital of the Hammadid empire; Tipasa, a Phoenician and later Roman town; and Djémila and Timgad, both Roman ruins; M'Zab Valley, a limestone valley containing a large urbanized oasis; and the Casbah of Algiers, an important citadel. [34], The Barbary pirates preyed on Christian and other non-Islamic shipping in the western Mediterranean Sea. [39][40] In 1544, for example, Hayreddin Barbarossa captured the island of Ischia, taking 4,000 prisoners, and enslaved some 9,000 inhabitants of Lipari, almost the entire population. ISO 3166-1 numeric. At the end of the third year of secondary school, students pass the exam of the baccalaureate, which allows once it is successful to pursue graduate studies in universities and institutes. Customs and culture Arabisation in Algerian society and public life our sites area and region codes by region and to... 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